Pythium Insidiosum Keratitis is a condition in which the cornea of the eye becomes inflamed and results in pain, compromised vision, photophobia (light sensitivity) and redness. Often mistaken for a fungal eye problem, the conventional treatment involves an early corneal transplant surgery in most of the cases. The success rate has been generally low due to the reoccurring nature of the infection, leading to permanent vision loss. A first of its kind study done by The Cornea Institute and Microbiology teams, led by Dr Bhupesh Bagga and Dr Savitri Sharma has helped decode the real source of this condition and its treatment modality. Caused by Oomcyete (which shares a close resemblance to fungi), the disease can be successfully treated with the help of antibiotics and does not always need surgical intervention. The findings of this landmark study 'Successful strategic management of Pythium insidiosum keratitis with antibiotics' were recently published in the coveted journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology.